History Final Exam Essay Prompts 1. Explain how the one-party dominance of Republicans up to 1820s finally gave way to America’s Second Party System of Democrats and Whigs. - Evangelicals support democrats; Henry Clay, Daniel Webster, and John C. Calhoun 2. What factors underlay the long and varied era of religious and secular reforms that emerged in the early to mid-decades of nineteenth century America? Be sure to explain why and how both worldly and spiritual reforms were linked during this “age of Boundlessness.” (What is the age of boundlessness?) - Mormonism (extreme form of religion) - Utopianism; self contained societies, equality —> Robert Owens - Manifest Destiny - Abolitionism - Temperance - Women at the head of many reform movements - Religious groups taking part in westward expansion 3. What was “Manifest Destiny”? How did this idea transform the United States from about 1835-1852, and how, in turn, did the transformation begin to divide Americans, North from South? - Manifest Destiny - Trail of Tears - Mexican American War—> slavery (James Polk) Slavery outlawed in Mexico led to it being reimplemented in Texas 4. Explain the factors that resulted in the end of the Second American political party system, and how and why a third party system emerged by the 1850s. Be certain to
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 3 pages?