1Introduction“It will be my sincere and constant desire to observe toward the Indian tribes within our limits a just and liberal policy, and to give that humane and considerate attention to their rights and their wants which is consistent with the habits of our Government and the feelings of our people.1" -- Andrew Jackson The Indian Removal Act of 1830 implementedthe government's policy towards the Indian populations, which forcibly moved the Native American tribes living east of the Mississippi River to lands west of the river. The impacts of this act are still somewhat present in today's society. The Trail of Tears was a major forced removal that made a great impact on the people, plants, and heritage of all included.People The Trail of Tears caused great impact on the Native American people, this fact isn’t debatable. There were ten million Native Americans on this continent when the first non-Indians arrived.The original Native American population was either wiped out by disease, famine, or warfare imported by the whites. By 1840 all the tribes east of the Mississippi had been muted, wiped out or forcibly removed to a designated territory west of the Mississippi. This movement caused a great impact on the people of the east. It’s estimated that, “the five tribes lost 25% their population to cholera, starvation, cold and exhaustion during the move west”2. 5.2 million Native Americans live on tribal lands. Because of the Indian Removal Act living conditions on the reservations have been cited as comparable to Third World. Meryl Hill said, “ The pressures of overcoming the physical and 1Jackson, Andrew. "First Inaugural Address." March 4, 1829.2Dirks, Robert, George J. Armelagos, Charles A. Bishop, Ivan A. Brady, Thierry Brun, Jean Copans, V. S. Doherty, Slávka Fraňková, Lawrence S. Greene, Derrick B. Jelliffe, E. G.