MEDICAID 2Medicaid is identified as a social program meant to provide health care services to the United States families. It caters for all persons whose incomes are not enough or are insufficient and cannot access quality health care services (Benjamin, Sommers, Chan & Room, 2017). Currently, Medicaid is the leading source of funds meant for health care services for more than 74 million individuals who cannot access insurance covers on their own. It also covers the disabled and does not limit patients in terms of age or gender. Funds for Medicaid are contributed by both the states and federal governments. Therefore, one would conclude that Medicaid is a health care program whose main purpose is to cater for individuals and families who earn low income and have limited resources (Singer, Nelson, & Tipirneni, 2017). Question oneAccording to Moore and Smith (2005), Medicaid is a product of the Social Security Amendments of 1965. This was the addition of Title XIX to the existing Social Security Act. TheMedicaid legislation was to continue the state plans as per the requirements of the Social Security Act. The Amendments included the freedom of states to participate willingly in this social health care program. In other words, it was not mandatory for the states to participate in this program. Therefore, under this legislation, Medicaid would assist states to cover and provideservices to those families and individuals that were subject to low income and lack of resources. Many people might question and want to understand the sources of Medicaid funds. The major difference between Medicaid and Medicare in terms of funding is that Medicaid is a joint state-federal payment program. The reason why it is regarded as a joint funding program is the fact that the states must comply with the federal laws to qualify for funds and grants (Moore and Smith, 2005). The federal government plays a major role because it disburses funds to the states. The federal government is responsible for a certain percentage which is delivered to states under
MEDICAID 3the Federal Medical Assistance Percentage program. The funds that each state receives vary fromwhat other states get because there is a disbursement criterion used. Therefore, both the states and the federal governments are the funding sources of the Medicaid program. Question twoThere are major changes that have taken place to expand Medicaid from the moment that it was established. These changes have taken place to cover those who were not eligible to accessthese funds. In the beginning, Medicaid gave medical cover to those people who were getting cash assistance but with time more people are covered such as low-income individuals, expectantwomen, those who are subject to long-term health care services and all people regardless of their age or disability condition. The American Congress made changes to Medicaid with time therebymaking more people access these services and more benefits come with these changes.