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UNIT V ESSAY1Unit V EssayNameStudent #Columbia Southern University12/11/2019
UNIT V ESSAY 2IntroductionWe familiarized ourselves with categorizing HW; HW treatment, storage, and disposal facilities; and remediation of old HW sites. We will discuss what the four characteristics of HW are and the four lists of HW. The manifest system of tracking HW. Fairchild AFB’s facilities and how they handle the treatment, storing and disposal of HW. Features of an HW landfill that are not in a municipal solid waste landfill? Moreover, what progress the CERCLA or Superfund have made.Hazardous Waste CharacteristicsHW differs from non-hazardous waste both in form and behavior and is usually a liquid. However, the waste may occur as solids, sludges, or gases as well and classified as either a toxic,reactive, ignitable, or corrosives (Nathanson & Schneider, 2015). Toxic wastes are deadly poisons with acute or chronic effects on all living beings. Toxins can have carcinogenic or mutagenic responses and may cause biological mutations within an unborn from an exposed being. Reactive waste is unstable and reacts strongly with air, water, or other elements through explosions or from harmful vapors and fumes. Ignitable wastes burn at relatively low temperatures of 140*F or below. These wastes are capable of impulsively combusting during storage, transport, or disposal. Corrosive wastes are robust alkaline or acidic substances with a pH value of less than 5 or greater than 12.5. These levels are capable of destroying metals and living tissue through a chemical reaction by rusting or corroding unprotected metals. Even though waste exhibits a characteristic of HW, it may be exempt from regulations. These wastes are usually recyclable such as lead-acid batteries. Each state has the right to list and regulate individual wastes as hazardous in addition to those determined by RCRA.RCRA Listed Wastes
UNIT V ESSAY 3RCRA’s listed wastes are categorized into four waste lists F, K, P, U, which identifies where a type of waste fits and allows for more efficient management of waste streams. The F-List of HW has seven separate subgroups from generic sources. The groups include waste from spent solvent, metal finishing processes and electroplating, dioxin bearing wastes, production of certain chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons, preserving wood, petroleum refinery wastewater treatment sludges, and multisource leachate (PegEx Inc., 2019). This list covers processes from the manufacturing industry to government and state engineering, which varies from general solvents use to metal finishing industry wastes. There are 39 wastes in all on the F-list, which canbe found under 40 CFR 261.31. The K-List of HW is considered source-specific, such as petroleum refining or pesticide manufacturing wastes, to include certain wastewaters and sludges. The list has thirteen subgroups: wood preservation, inorganic pigment manufacturing, organic chemicals manufacturing, inorganic chemicals manufacturing, pesticides manufacturing, explosives