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Running head: INDIA’S COUNTRY PROFILE 1India’s Country ProfileChristina M. Carmody BSN, RNSouthern New Hampshire University
INDIA’S COUNRTY PROFILE2IntroductionPurposeIndia is a fascinating country as it is the largest democracy in the world, but at the same time has issues with malnourishment and a large variation in healthcare services among different ethnic and socioeconomic groups (Holtz, 2017, p.89). India was chosen for this project due to themultitude of inadequacies in its health care system and the substantial effect it is on the populations health. The life expectancy of on individual born in India in 2012 is 65.8 years (Sund, 2015, p.118). The purpose of this paper is to develop a deeper understanding of this disparity in healthcare in India and look for opportunities to make a positive change in this county, while at the same time learning what information may be obtained that will add to a deeper understanding of global health. There are a multitude of health-related problems in India that are having a significant impact on the population. Country DetailsIndia is the largest democratic country in the world, seventh largest country in the world and located in Southern Asia next Burma and Pakistan with a tropical climate in the south and a more temperate climate in the north (Holtz, 2017, p.87). The population of India is 1.24 billion and is growing at a rate of 2 percent every year (Holtz, 2017, p.87). India has a developing economy with a gross annual income of $3910 US dollars (Holtz, 2017, p.88). The government in India is federal structure with national elected officials in government and 28 states (Gudlavalleti, Shukla, Batchu, Malladi, & Gilbert, 2018, p.705). The national government creates health care policies and it is up to the individual state governments to enact the health initiatives (Gudlavalleti et al., 2018, p.705). The state is divided into districts
INDIA’S COUNRTY PROFILE3with an average population of 1.9 million that enact the health programs (Gudlavalleti et al., 2018, p.705). The are significant issues in the country the effect the population that include: deforestation, overgrazing from livestock, air pollution, and water pollution (Holtz, 2017, p.87).General State of HealthcareHealth-Related IssuesThe World Health Organization found that India has the highest amount of global tuberculosis cases at 27%, with 300,000 lives lost each year (Babu, Kathirvel, Anand, & Chadha,2017, p.382.) Some of the main objectives of the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program is reliable early diagnosis, uninterrupted budget and supply of medications and systematic monitoring (Babu et al., 2017, p.383). A study was conducted in India and it found that all respondents in the health department agreed that funding delays are a major problem (Babu et al., 2017, p.386). Another significant issue is that most individuals with tuberculosis arenot accessing the healthcare system or are not getting medical care until late in the disease process (Babu et al., 2017, p.386). This is a major health related issue as individuals are either unwilling or unable to access the health system to treat this serious disease. The lack of access to