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US Revolution - British North America Colonial Period...

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British North America Colonial Period 1607-1775 From Settlement of Jamestown to start of the revolution Subdivided into two categories 17 th  century and 18 th  century (1600 and 1700-1775) Revolutionary Era 1775-1783 Start of American Revolution to the Treaty of Paris Constitutional Era 1783-1789 From the Treaty of Paris until the US gov’t took up under the constitution Federalist Period 1789-1800 From the new gov’t to ascendancy of the Republican party Decade dominated by the Federalist party  Republican Era 1800-1828 Domination of the original Republican party
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Jacksonian Period 1828-1848 Mexican American War 1846-1848 British North America Southern Colonies o GA, SC, NC o Was an area of economic exploitation, especially involving agriculture 95% of southerners were farmers o Favorable climate Lots of rain, mild rainfall, subtropical climate o Many inland rivers helped move cargo to the coast o Lots of available land o Great imbalance in the sex ratio Males could out number females up to 3:1 Generally led to a level of political instability and violence not  seen in other colonies o Increased number of African slaves o Whites were of either scotch or of Scottish-Irish descent o Not a lot of urban development due to agriculture  Georgia o Last of the original 13 colonies to be established  o Founded 1732 
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o Started originally as a utopian colony o Originally slavery was prohibited  o Established as a military buffer zone between South Carolina and  Florida (Spain) o Many original settlers were S.C. migrants looking for more land o Georgia Pine was the main product of capital Initially tried silk and wine South Carolina o Founded 1670 o Established by British plantation owners from Barbados  o Rice was the main product of capital Initially tried fur and cattle The Middle Colonies a.k.a. The Chesapeake  VA, MD, DE, PA, NJ, NY Considerably more ethnic diversity than the south  o Dutch, Swedes, Germans, English, French, Jew, Muslim, etc. Both slave and free labor MD was the only English colony establish originally by Catholics  o 1634 as a catholic utopia  Most of the middle colonies were proprietary colonies o Colonies actually given to an individual by British Monarchy o Most came from the Dutch o 1660-1672 British and Dutch fought many naval wars 
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part of piece agreements was to hand over chunks of territory to  the British o 1660 Charles II comes to throne (Restoration) restoration of British Monarchy Gave some colonies to individuals as political payback New England MA, Plymouth, RI, CT, New Haven
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