Centrality of Religious Landmarks

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Chapter 7 Religion Pages 193-236
Field Note: The Soviet Union came to be during the 1920s. The Soviet Union dissolved in 1991 and the republics became independent states, ethnic strife broke out almost immediately. In 1996, the Russian Orthodox Church rebuilt the Cathedral of Christ the Savior two blocks from the Kremlin.
Religion; how different religions dispose of the deceased Religion is one of the most complex and controvesial aspects of the human condition Hindus: Cremate… reincarnation •Christians & Jews Bury… Cmemteries, crosses, tombs, mosoleums In largely Christian, western regions, the deceased are buried in large, sometimes elaborate cemeteries.
Centrality of Religious Landmarks
•Why were churches, mosques, & Synagogues built in or near the center of the towns?
What religious symbols are evident in landscapes?
Architectural Structure The style of a particular culture or society’s buildings, which varies dramatically over space and time.
Western Wall, Jerusalem… Wailing wall. Dome of the Rock in the background… With Minaret
Synagogues
Religion’s impact in history and culture is evident in its centrality in many places. Secularism is now prevailed in some societies. The cathedral in Antwerp was built beginning in 1352 and still dominates the central part of town.
Disposition of the Deceased - Each religion approaches the disposition of the deceased in different ways, and cultural landscapes reflect the religious traditions. Hindu crematorium in Mombasa, Kenya
Hindu Temple – Angkor Wat, Cambodia. This temple suffers from neglect and destruction now, as Buddhism has supplanted Hinduism in most of Cambodia.
Buddhist Stupas - 72 stupas, each containing a sculpture of the Buddha in meditation were built around 800 CE and still stand in Borobudur, Indonesia
Buddhism is mixed with local religions in some places. In Japan, Buddhism is mixed with the local religion, Shintoism. Shinto Shrine In Kyoto, Japan, this Shinto shrine is visible after walking through a torii – a gateway usually formed by two wooden posts and topped by two horizontal beams.
Classifications of Religions Monotheistic religions – worship a single deity. (Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Zoroastrianism) Polytheistic religions – worship more than one deity, even thousands. (Hinduism) Animistic religions – belief that inanimate objects posses spirits and should be revered. (Tribal and Indigenous religions) In an ethnic religion, adherents are born into the faith and converts are not actively sought.
16 From the Hearth of South Asia

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