Intro to Sociology Midterm.pdf - Linor Ben-Naim Prof. Syed...

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Linor Ben-NaimProf. SyedIntro to Sociology MidtermNovember 14, 2018Part I. Short Answers:I.1: Socialization is what affects our perception and understanding of society and is theprocess by which we learn the culture and norms of the world around us. Three agents ofsocialization are different entities or people involved that are involved in social phenomena andaid the process of socialization. One being, family, they teach/affect you and engage you in theprocess of socialization by teaching you values and beliefs of your culture and later the socialnorms/practices that come from them. Taught both directly or implied by rules or standardsValues and beliefs within a culture serve as basis for norms. Secondly, School which is the firsttime people are put into cohorts by age and gender, which are groups enforced throughout life.This is also the first time that they are learning social behavior outside of their family. The thirdagent would be media which is a medium of communication and info that reaches a lot of peopleand impacts how they all think about things. An example would be how FOX versus CNNimpacts people's opinions.I.3: Ethnography is the systematic study of people and their cultures. It refers both to theprocess that is used to study people as well as the outcome of this process. Some strongths of thisconcept is that it helps people know more about other cultures because through the works ofethnographers, ordinary people can learn more about folks who live in other countries as well astheir cultures, traditions, and norms. This, in turn, opens their minds and makes them realize justhow diverse the world is. This realization can help people become more accepting of others whoare different from them in terms of race, ethnicity, religion, and political belief. It also helpsincrease scientists’ understanding of human behavior because many scientists dedicatethemselves to understanding how and why people react to stimuli in a certain way and find outwhat factors cause them to make the decisions and actions they make. Ethnography greatly helpsbehavioral scientists because it shows whether certain behaviors are limited to a certainpopulation or if it’s present in all humans, regardless of their location, culture, norms, andreligious, political, and educational background. Some weaknesses is that it can be difficult tochoose a representative sample, it takes a lot of time, it depends on the ethnographer’srelationship with his subjects and it depends on people’s openness and honesty.BEN-NAIM1
Ethnography can be greatly beneficial to both scientists and ordinary people. However, it’simportant to remember that ethnography can be time- and labor-intensive and that theethnographic process and its results may not always be accurate.

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