Plants Rise And Fall of Civilization.docx - PLANTS THE RISE...

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PLANTS: THE RISE AND FALL OF CIVILIZATIONLea SchmetzerSNHU – SCI218February 23, 2019
PLANTS: THE RISE AND FALL OF CIVILIZATIONSPlants Have Seen It AllThrough out history we have looked at plants with a certain respect due to the fact that we can use them for shelter, food, and trade. Plants can be used for good like feeding armies or they can be cultivated for evil purposes like poisoning individuals. Some plants will be around long after we have passed on from this world, so it would be safe to say that if a tree could talk, oh the stories it could tell. Botanist have that ability to look at a plant and be able to understand were it has been and were we can take them into the future. With the advances in genetics, knowing the genome of individual plants has allowed us to look at every branch of a single plant’s evolution. Even with the threat of climate change, plants do have the ability to help us combat the effects, if we as a race, act in time. It is from this view that I want to explore were we have been and were we are going with some of the most basic crops in our lives – plants like rice, corn, potatoes, chocolate, tea, sugar, figs, and coffee. I know that with the change in climate some of the plants that I find to be a necessity – cocoa beans, coffee beans, and the basic fruits and vegetables that are needed in my diet – have had issues with the crop harvests – various pathogens, rising sea levels, and areas of extreme draught and flood. I have some hope due to the advances in technology, and people thinking outside the box that the demands for produce and saving the planet are being realized.Importance of PlantsThese specific crops are by and large used by many on a daily basis – I know a few people that have a hard time functioning without coffee or need a boost to our endorphins by taking a bite of chocolate. Grapes and olives have properties that help our hearts. Rice is the main staple for a large portion of our human population. It is our understanding on the historical significance of when we as a race stopped having a nomadic life and settling down in villages, town and cities is based solely on agriculture. In order to have the food necessary to feed a civilization most of the ancient cultures were 2
PLANTS: THE RISE AND FALL OF CIVILIZATIONSalong river banks or near lakes in order to hydrate the public and the crops. It is this connection of water and plants that has always been necessary for civilizations to thrive, and without one the other will fail, and the culture will disappear into the annals of history. The History of AgricultureWhat we know about agriculture has been researched by archeologist, and ancient theorists who have tried to mimic the ways of the ancients with what we have here and now. What has been discovered of the beginnings of agriculture has shown that humans have the ability to keep specific plants while inadvertently causing the decline of others. Here’s a look at what we have sown.

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