EIA ppt.pptx - Good Practices for the Preparation of Environmental and Social Impact Assessment Instruments Environmental Impact Assessment

EIA ppt.pptx - Good Practices for the Preparation of...

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Good Practices for the Preparation of Environmental and Social Impact Assessment InstrumentsEnvironmental Impact Assessment, Environmental Management Framework, and Environmental Management PlanGulana HajiyevaWB Safeguards Training WorkshopAlmaty, December 2012
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Overview of different type of EA InstrumentsEnvironmental Assessmenta process a process a document/reporta document/reportan input to decision makingan input to decision makingOP 4.01 -mainly when/how EA should be done to provide necessary information about likely outcomesOther OPs- more detailed “how to” and guidance on acceptable versus unacceptable outcomes
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Strategic Environmental (and Social) Assessment WB (as of March 2011); EU & some national laws: for policies, plans and programs; not a substitute for project-specific EARegional or sectoral EA: when the project is likely to have sectoral or regional impactsEnvironmental Impact Assessment WB -full EIA for Category A projects, narrower scope for Category B ( “limited EA”); National laws - contents specified in law/provision; Some countries - “Preliminary EA” to determine whether further EIA is required; Cumulative Impact Assessment (within EIA or supplementary document)Environmental Audit for ongoing activitiesEA Instruments as per OP 4.01 (Safeguard Documents for Project Appraisal)
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Hazard/Risk Assessment When environmental/social risks are uncertain/not predictable (e.g. possible dam breakage, toxic spill); Complement to EA or AuditEnvironmental and Social Management Framework: WB (as of March 2011) for project consisting of a program and/or series of sub-projects…impacts cannot be determined until the details have been identified; (FI and other); Not present in national lawsEnvironmental Management Plan: element of EA, or free-standing if no EA required; Checklist EMP option Related documents but different:Country Environmental Analysis/Country Social Analysis (Poverty and Social Impact Analysis)Safeguard Diagnostic Review(for Use of Country Systems Pilot: “Equivalence Analysis” and “Acceptability Assessment”EA Instruments as per OP 4.01
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Identifies and assesses potential risks and benefits based on proposed activities, relevant site features, consideration of natural/human environment, social & transboundary issuesCompares environmental pros and cons of feasible alternativesRecommends measures to eliminate, offset, or reduce adverse environmental impacts to acceptable levels (sitting, design, technology offsets)Proposes monitoring indicators to implement mitigation measuresDescribes institutional framework for environmental management and proposes relevant capacity building needs ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
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Well written Executive SummaryAdequate assessment of project area of influenceComprehensive and duly updated baseline information Complete analysis of feasible alternativesDetailed discussion of indirect, cumulative, and transboundary impacts assessmentEnsuring proper consultation process and public participation/disclosure of EA
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