Test 1 Study Guide

Test 1 Study Guide - Test 1 Study Guide Hinduism &...

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Hinduism Ahimsa: “Nonharm,” “nonviolence.” Ashram: A spiritual community Atman: The spiritual essence of all individual human beings. Avatar: An earthly embodiment of a deity. Bhagavad Gita: A religious literary work about Krishna Bhakti: Devotion to a deity or guru Bhakti Yoga: The spiritual discipline of devotion to a deity or guru Brahma: God of creation. Brahman: The spiritual essence of the universe Brahmin: Member of the priestly caste. Caste: One of the major social classes sanctioned by Hinduism. Devi: “Goddess”; the Divine Feminine, also called the Great Mother. Dhyana: Meditation Durga: “Awe-inspiring,” “distant”; a mother goddess, a form of Devi. Guru: A spiritual teacher Hatha Yoga: The spiritual discipline of postures and bodily exercises. Jnana Yoga: The spiritual discipline of knowledge and insight Kali: “Dark,” a form of Devi; a goddess associated with destruction and rebirth Karma: The moral law of cause and effect that determines the direction of rebirth. Karma Yoga: The spiritual discipline of selfless action. Krishna: A god associated with divine playfulness; a form of Vishnu. Kundalini Yoga: A form of raja yoga that envisions the individual’s energy as a force that is capable of being raised from the center of the body to the head, producing a state of joy. Mantra: A short sacred phrase, often chanted or used in meditation. Maya: “Illusion”; what keeps us from seeing reality correctly; the world, viewed inadequately. Moksha: “Liberation” from personal limitation, egotism, and rebirth. Puja: Offerings and ritual in honor of a deity. Raja Yoga: The “royal” discipline of meditation. Rama: A god and mystical ling; a form of Vishnu. Samadhi: A state of complete inner peace resulting from meditation. Samsara: The everyday world of change and suffering leading to rebirth Sannyasin: A wondering holy man Shiva: A god associated with destruction and rebirth Trimurti: “Three forms” of the divine the three gods Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva Upanishad: Written meditations on the spiritual essence of the universe and the self. Vedas: Four collections of ancient prayers and rituals. Vishnu: A god associated with the preservation and love. Yoga: A spiritual discipline; a method for perfecting one’s union with the divine. Guru: spiritual teacher
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Test 1 Study Guide - Test 1 Study Guide Hinduism &...

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