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Test 2 Study Guide

Test 2 Study Guide - World Religion Study Guide Chinese...

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World Religion Study Guide Chinese Religion Chinese religion is the blend of three doctrines Confucianism, Taoism, and Mahayana Mahayana Buddhism: 100ce Tien: Heaven An impersonal divine principle that regulates both natural and human Ancestor worship: regular ritual attention to spirits of departed family members Yin & Yang: complimentary opposites Ying: dark, cold, silence, femininity Yang: light, active, masculinity I-Ching: The book of changes; Classic text on divination 5 th century Tao Te Ching: The book and the way of its power by Lao Tzu Tao: The way, the impersonal ultimate reality which “gives birth” to all things; a process not a thing Metaphors for Tao: Women, water, valley spirit, empty vessel The Taoist Sage: one who is “in tune” with Tao Wu wei: Spontaneous unforced action, “no action” Lao Tzu: writer of Tao Te Ching Confucius: Lived during 551-479 bce His ideal society would live according to the ideals of the 5 relationships Saying of Confucius: Analects 5 Constant Relationships Father - son Elder brother – younger brother Husband – wife Elder friend – younger friend Ruler – subject Rectification of names: A person should act in order of their role Filial piety: to treat family relationships with religious reverence Jen/ Ren: sympathy, benevolence, empathy consideration of others Li: Propriety; Correct Action Shu: Thinking of others; Reciprocity Chun-tzu: Wrote the Zhuangzic; elaborates the potential results of being one with Tao Chou dynasty: A model of a harmonious society 1
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Judaism Religion Ashkenazim: Jews who lived in or came from central Europe Bar (Bat) mitzvah: “son (daughter) of the commandment”; the coming of age ceremony that marks the time when a young person is considering a legal adult with the Jewish community Biblical Judaism: Judaism before the destruction of the Second Temple 70ce
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