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Running head: ENLIGHTENMENT AND THE FRENCH REVOLUTIONEnlightenment and the French RevolutionStudent’s NameInstitution Affiliation
ENLIGHTENMENT AND THE FRENCH REVOLUTION2The Enlightenment period was an era of political and social change in Europe. The periodwas dominated by philosophical and intellectual movement when the society became more inspired. The Enlightenment period took place in the 18thcentury. It's considered that the publication of Principia Mathematica by Isaac Newton in 1687 was the first Enlightenment work in Europe. The French historians, however, relate the Enlightenment to have started way back in the mid-17thcentury during the reign of King Louis XV(Alder, 2010). The Enlightenment was featured by a variety of ideas that were developed based on reason. Through the research work ofscholars, there was evidence developed to ascertain and introduce society to the growth of knowledge. The common scholars who influenced the Enlightenment were Kant, Beccaria, Adam Smith, Hume, Diderot, among others. Due to the sensitization and development of ideas insociety, the Enlightenment is claimed to have caused the rise of the French revolution. This paperdiscusses the features and growth of Enlightenment, giving a close assessment of how it caused the French revolution. In the 17thcentury, the European community experienced growth led by intellectual and social pattern changes. The Enlightenment brought new ideas in liberalism, religious tolerance, constitutional government, progress, among others. This transformed the European ways of life. It was an era when critical knowledge and educational understanding derived from the publications of scholars changed society. Due to society's Enlightenment, the government could no longer impart policies without consideration of public view. The monarchs faced a hard time to develop and implement policies as there were critics within and outside the government(Davidson, 2018). The possession of power and knowledge by the public prompted the rise of the French Revolution.
ENLIGHTENMENT AND THE FRENCH REVOLUTION3The Enlightenment period was witnessed by a great desire to search for knowledge. European society thus developed a desire to learn and reason with logic. Before the Enlightenment period, people usually relied on teachings from the higher authorities or superiors.The people were too lazy to think on their way. The French monarchy and religion were considered powerful and dictated policies in society. The French leaders during the Enlightenment were merchants, professionals, and bankers who were rich, powerful, and knowledgeable. During this era, the citizens had no right to utter against the government. Since the political voice of the French intellectual class was denied, the elites caused the rise of the French Revolution. The elites raised concerns about dictatorial government rule, social traditions, and religions(Davidson, 2018). They came together to speak against all forms of

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