His 109 Midterm SG - Terms Democracy is a government by the people Republic is a government where the people delegate their authority to elected

His 109 Midterm SG - Terms Democracy is a government by the...

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Terms - Democracy is a government by the people. - Republic is a government where the people delegate their authority to elected representatives. - Federation is a national government created by states who sacrifice ultimate authority to it. - Confederation is a national government created by states who do not sacrifice ultimate authority to it. - Amnesty is a group pardon. - Disenfranchisement is to deprive someone of their right to vote or hold office. - Impeachment - Redemption Chapter 15: Reconstruction, 1865 - Civil War ended - Abraham Lincoln assassinated - 13th amendment was ratified READMISSION - To readmit the 11 seceded states - All confederate states were slave states, but not all slaves states were confederate states Abraham’s Approach - Abraham Lincoln’s Proclamation of Amnesty gave amnesty to everyone in the confederate states except any political or military leaders (they were disenfranchised) - 10% of the 1860 voters who voted in the 1860’s presidential election must swear a oath to the union before they can be considered for readmission - Major riots of the black population in these states for a chance to have a part in the writing of the new state constitution Andrew Johnson’s Approach - He told the states he’ll do the same thing Lincoln did, except if you owned $20,000 worth of land or if you were a leader then you had to come to him to beg for a pardon personally - He readmidded all 11 ex-confederate states Congress’ Approach - Congress convenes and states that they are going to restart readmission because Andrew Johnson’s governments had black codes and a very little amount of disenfranchisement. - Military Reconstruction Act of 1867 - To remit the ex-confederate states (except Tennessee) by dividing the states into 5 military districts and cutting off the president's access to these districts
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- The military will establish military law, and ran voter registration and elections Tenure of Office Act - Tenure was created to protect the professors in their teachings - The president can not fire his cabinet members - Command of Army Act - The president can no longer have the ultimate decision as it resides with the Commanding General making the military independent of the civil government - Congress did this because Andrew Johnson was getting in their way of reconstruction, and they didn’t want him to have any access to the new military districts CIVIL RIGHTS - 13th Amendment - Abolishing Slavery - 14th Amendment - Ensures black people are citizens, punishes the confederacy by disenfranchising the confederate leaders, and controls states rights - 15th Amendment - Ensures black suffrage - Freedmen’s Bureau - Congress creates this federal agency in 1864-65, it expired in 1871, to assist the ex-slaves through their transition into freedom. - People were worried about how involved the National government was getting in the personal and day to day lives of the people.
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