29 Lecture - Hey Science Goals description prediction control explanation A The scientific method the technique used to achieve these goals a Steps i

29 Lecture - Hey Science Goals description prediction...

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Hey Science! - Goals: description, prediction, control, explanation A. The scientific method : the technique used to achieve these goals a. Steps: i. Develop a Theory ii. Hypothesis iii. Conduct Research iv. Analyze Data v. Share Results Theory: - An explanation or model of how some process occurs based upon prior research which attempts to make predictions about future events Hypothesis; - A scientific, testable prediction about a theory - This is another place we distinguish science from a pseudoscience Methods/ Conducting Research - The techniques used to test the hypothesis - Variable : something that can be measured and or manipulated Analysis: Statistics 1) Descriptive v. Inferential a) Descriptive ; i) The analysis of data that helps describe, show, or summarize data in a meaningful way. Like measures of central tendency: mean, median, and mode. b) Inferentia l: i) Provide measurements that can describe the overall population of research project by studying a smaller sample. The goal is to reach conclusions that extend beyond the numbers of data. An example
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Unformatted text preview: would be asking a sample of 100 people if they like to shop at Sears. Sharing the Results-Scientists write up reports and submit it for publication in a scientific journal that is peer reviewed. -Peer Reviewed : the paper is looked at by other scientists who evaluate methods for potential flaws or doubt. Why does the scientific method matter? 1. Objectivity and lack of bias a. Objectivity : the propensity to base decisions and perceptions on exterior information instead of private emotions or experiences. b. Lack of bia s: lack of tendency or prejudice towards an idea/method 2. Replication= p-hacking and the replication crisis a. Replication crisis : i. A methodological crisis in which it has been found that many scientific studies are difficult to replicate or reproduce. b. P-Hacking : i. The process of manipulating unconsciously where the lines between established phenomena and statistics can be blurred....
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  • Spring '12
  • Conducting Research

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