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JPN 350Week 12 TueThe meaning of language (semantics & pragmatics)Day 3Quiz #3
2(1) a. 太郎が彼を責めた。Taro blamed him.太郎≠彼Taro ≠him(1) b. 太郎が次郎が彼を責めたと言った。Taro said Jiro blamed him.太郎=彼Taro =him次郎≠彼Jiro ≠him•he& 彼and their antecedent cannot be in the same sentence.Pronouns& Reflexive Pronouns in linguistic contests
3(2) a. 太郎が自分を責めた。Taro blamed himself.太郎=自分Taro =himself(2) b. 太郎が次郎が自分を責めたと言った。Taro said Jiro blamed himself.Jiro =himselfTaro ≠himself•himselfand its antecedent mustbe in the same sentence. •自分can have its antecedent either in the same sentence or in a larger/higher sentence. Pronouns& Reflexive Pronouns in linguisticcontests太郎=自分次郎
4Pronouns& Reflexive Pronouns in situationalcontests*??
5Pronouns& Reflexive Pronouns in situationalcontests*??背が高い/金持ちの/昔の彼*tall/rich/ex-he
Pronouns& Reflexive Pronouns in situationalcontests*??A knows Mr. YamadaB does notknow the tall guyuse of 彼・彼女implies that the speaker knows the person; use of hedos not