History 163A - Spring 1994 - Jay - Midterm

History 163A - Spring 1994 - Jay - Midterm - 11/17/2000 FRI...

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Unformatted text preview: 11/17/2000 FRI 17:51 FAX 6434330 MOFFITT LIBRARY 001 History 163A i rm Fall, 1994 Mr. Jay Part One: Identify and write a paragraph on the significance of fog of the following quotations: a)"All that is required for this enlightenment is Mom; and particularly the least harmful of all that may be called freedom, namely, the freedom for man to make pm; m of his reason in all matters...The 1111111345; of a man’s reason must be free at all times, and this alone can bring enlightenment among men: while the private use of a man’s reason may often be restricted rather narrowly without thereby unduly hampering the progress of enlightenment." b)"World history, with all the changing drama of its histories, is this process of the development and realization of the spirit. It is the true theodicy, the justification of God in history. Only this insight can reconcile the spirit with world history and the actual reality, that what has happened, and is happening every day, is not only not ‘without God,’ but is essentially the work of God." c)“Why are we to Inve prejudices, merely because they are prejudices? A prejudice is a fond obstinate persuasion for which we can give no reason; for the moment a reason can be given for an opinion, it ceases to be a prejudice. though it may be an error in judgement: and are we then advised to cherish opinions only to set reason at defiance? This mode of arguing, if arguing it may be called, reminds me of what is vulgarly termed a woman's reason. For women sometimes declare that they love, or believe, certain things, because they love, or believe them." d)"...fromMagna Charta to the Declaration of Right, it has been the uniform policy of our constitution to claim and assert our liberties, as an entailed inheritance derived to us from our forefathers, and to be transmitted to our posterity..." e)"...themeans of salvation that I promised to indicate consists in the fashibning of an entirely new self, which may have existed before perhaps in individuals as an exception, but never as a universal and national self, and in the education of the nation, whose former life has died out and become the supplement of an alien life, to a completely new life....Ina word, it is a total change of the existing system of education that Ipropose as a the sole means of preserving the existence of the German nation." f)"Gray, my dear friend, is every theory, And green alone life's golden tree." g)"Faith is just this paradox, that the single individual as the particular is higher than the universal, is justified before the latter. not as subordinate, but superior, though in such a way, be it noted, that it is the single individual who, having been subordinate to the universal as the particular, n0w by means of the universal becomes that individual who, as the particular, stands in an absolute relation to the absolute. This position cannot be mediated, for all mediation occurs precisely by virtue of the universal; it is and remains in all eternity a paradox, inaccessible to thought. And yet faith Ls this paradox." 11/17/2000 FRI 17:51 FAX 6434330 MOFFITT LIBRARY 002 Part 11: Write an essay on one of the following questions: a)The Enlightenment has sometimes been called "The Age of Reason,” yet precisely what reason meant to its adherents is by no means clear. In what sense were the French philosophes believers in reason? What was the role of reason in Kant's philosophy? What were its limits? Finally, how did Hegel react to those limits? b)For some of the theorists we have been examining, the true realization of human potential can come only through communal solidarity rather than individual self- expression. For others, the individual is always more important than the collective. Discuss the balance between individual and collectivity in £031 of the following thinkers: Rousseau, Burke, Hegel, Kierkegaard, Wollstonecraft, J.S. Mill, and Fichte. c) What were the possible political implications of the Enlightenment and the Romantic movement? How did they play themselves out in different national contexts? ...
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