The Heart of Racism
J. L. A. Garcia
volitional conception of racism(matter of attitudes)
---volition: has something to do with will
---“racism is in the heart, not primarily the head”
--- it is the attitudes, motives, feeling, not the beliefs, that make the person a racist
---the most fundamental conative states of mind that are relevant to the charge of racism are hatred, animosity, hostility, dislike, contempt,
ill-will, hard-hearted indifference, and disregard for the welfare of a certain race.
rhetoric of paradigmatic injure paternalism
Based on feeling of Hate, contempt, disregard for fear? Of other races.
This is more difficult to correct
having vice=hatred, injustice, lacking beneficence. (resentment, competitiveness, threat to social status)
Critical feature. Those are the things make a person racist.
1) It’s possible to hold racist beliefs without being a racist.
e.g. positive discrimination(?) stereotype vs racist:ignorant, or dub mistakes, but not being vicious
(???big debate) e.g. affirmative actions =/ (doesn’t equal to) racist. It involves separate people in accordance to different race, but it does
e.g. voluntary self-segregation =/ (doesn’t equal to) racist.
e.g. Race preference, not necessarily racist, doesn’t involve hate. (romance? Innocent racist. I don’t hate them, but...)
e.g. “hate speech” =/ (doesn’t equal to) racist.
If you don’t have the intent of hatred attitude. Some are just innocent mistakes.
& then more ready to accept
about that group
(chicken and eggs problem)
if racists are just beliefs, then it is like an error that can be corrected by education, such as geographical mistakes made by people
hate is more vicious than an innocent mistake
How does J.L.A. Garcia define racism?
1. Garcia claims that his volitional conception of racism can explain its immorality. What explanation does his view offer?