Outline Argentina: I. Social composition of Argentina A. Whitening Argentina Argentina is considered a country of immigrants. Most Argentines are descended from colonial-era settlers and of the 19th and 20th century immigrants from Europe, and 86.4% of Argentina’s population self-identify as European descent. B. Difference between Argentina and the rest of South America a. Reasons: Strong European influences and immigration patterns that are reflected in lighter skin colours than other countries. C. Social implications of rapid economic growth In the early 1990s the government reined in inflation by making the peso equal in value to the U.S. dollar, and privatised numerous state-run companies, using part of the proceeds to reduce the national debt. However, a sustained recession at the turn of the 21st century culminated in a default , and the government again devalued the peso. By 2005 the economy had recovered, but a judicial ruling originating from the previous crisis led to a new default in 2014. D. Explain: The country never developed a peasantry II. Rhythms of Popular Culture A. Sense of nationality European 97%, mostly of Spanish and Italian descent.Mestizo, Amerindian or other nonwhite groups 3%. B. Martin Fierro: Epic poem by the Argentine writer José Hernández . The poem supplied a historical link to the gauchos
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- Fall '19