1-15-19 Notes_ Adult Cardiac.pdf - u25cf u25cf u25cf...

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Cardiovascular System Electrical Mechanical Types of Angina-(there is a chart that reviews this) Ischemia:Temporary oxygen loss (silent) Angina: stable (treat with rest) and unstable (unstable treat with MONA) Infarction:death of deprived muscle Troponins:Don’t worry about elevated troponins after 24 hours Nitrates: Contraindications Produces vasodilation Enzymes that trigger nitrates to work will run out, that’s why you can’t keep using patches Erectile dysfunction drugs EKG Signs of Problems STEMI:ST elevation (J point does not go down as far) Q Wave problem=where they had muscle necrosis Cardiac Assessment: Stabilize first Review where cardiac valves and when valves open and close (know specifically mitral valve) are and blood flow Aorta is openduring systole Classification of Heart Failure Diastolic Ejection Fraction-doesn’t relax or fill; stays the same (know) Systolic Ejection Fraction (know) Cardiomyopathy Primary Vs. Secondary Big muscles in heart
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