2. Tenses.pdf - Tenses 1 Verbs \u2022 Words Phrases that express the existence of a state or the performance of an action \u2022 Main Full verbs vs Auxiliary

2. Tenses.pdf - Tenses 1 Verbs • Words Phrases that...

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Tenses 1
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Verbs Words/ Phrases that express the existence of a state or the performance of an action Main/ Full verbs vs. Auxiliary verbs 2
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Definition of Terms TIME: A universal, non-linguistic concept with three divisions: past , present , and future TENSE: a grammatical concept expressing the relationship between the form of the verb and the time of the action or state that the verb describes Present tense and past tense 3
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Definition of Terms ASPECT: a grammatical category dealing with how the event expressed by a verb is viewed, such as whether it is complete , is in progress , is habitual , or is momentary Two aspects in English: lexical and grammatical aspects 4
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Definition of Terms Lexical aspects – States: unchanging situations – be , have , want , etc. – Activities: processes with no inherent beginning or end point – walk , play , breathe , etc. – Accomplishments: durative with an inherent end point – read (a book), write (a novel) , etc. – Achievements: non-durative with an inherent end point – finish , realize , arrive , etc. Grammatical aspects Progressive (continuous) Perfect (perfective) 5
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Definition of Terms Progressive aspect – (BE) + V-ING incomplete , in progress , developing She is wearing contact lenses.
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  • Spring '18
  • Hoai Phung
  • Grammatical aspect, Perfect aspect, Grammatical mood, six years

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