Test Review Terms and Essays

Test Review Terms and Essays - *= Not COmplete 1)Liberum...

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*= Not COmplete 1.) Liberum Veto - (1652) Parliamentary device in Polish-Lithuanian Republic Sejm, or diet, which allowed a single member to force an immediate end to current legislation and to nullify all legislation already passed at it. This was caused by fear of a centralizing monarch. The commonwealth’s neighbors (Russia and Prussia) used this to their benefit in the 18 th century as they persuaded a single member of the Sejm to prevent legislation to strengthen the Polish-Lithuanian Republic. Not only did this prevent Poland from becoming strong, but it also gave foreign powers ample opportunity to criticize Poland as being anarchic and unruly. -Surrounding countries get more centralized as Poland gets less, and when the monarch tries to strengthen the estate through levying taxes, the librum veto negates this so the monarch can’t get money or power. -Traditionally it was used to clarify points or as a vehicle for lobbying, but from the mid- 17 th century onward it was an instrument of Parliamentary Obstruction. 2.)Populism The common people are hindered by the elite of society. Government power must be seized from the government controlled by these elites. Populists cater to the economic, social, and common sense concerns of the average people. 3.) New Nationalism -Conservative Nationalism of the German Unificaiton (Von Bismarck) -It is non-revolutionary and a part of Real Politik. -Germany is unified through authoritarian Prussian leadership, not a liberal auspice. -The Hohenzollerns become emperors of Germany, and there is a Reichstag with limited power 6.) War Communism -Lenin instituted after the Bolsheviks seized power. It is a socialist system of abolishing private property and distributing products according to need. -Came out of the desperate economic conditions of the revolution, and it is unclear whether it is a response to this desperation or based on communist ideals. -At first they nationalized credit and banking, but not industry. -By 1920 the whole economy is nationalized, even small industry, but this is more of an idea than reality as the Supreme Economic Council had little control over them. -Prohibition on free trade -Moneyless Economy- said it was start of communism, but really a bad economy -Not really egalitarian, as some had higher wages, and certain classes such as the Army got more rations. -No real organization, some plants had managers and others had worker coalition management -Had to forcibly take grain from the peasants, as they had no money and few goods to trade for it. This led to strained relationships.
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-The Peasants saw the mir, not the state, as the true peasant institution. -Tried to collectivize agriculture or set up state farms
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course HIST 2002 taught by Professor Josephguywithbeard during the Fall '06 term at Colorado.

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Test Review Terms and Essays - *= Not COmplete 1)Liberum...

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