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Exam4.Final.REVIEW.genPsych.TCU[1]

Exam4.Final.REVIEW.genPsych.TCU[1] - Exam 4 Psychology...

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Exam 4- Psychology 10213 Final Exam Please read chapters 12, 16-18. Lecture material (whether in the book or spoken of in class), book chapters, videos, and guest speaker information will be on the exam. Please review: Chapter 16: DSM-IV: American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders (4 th Edition) Widely used system for classifying disorders Schizophrenia: Literal translation is “split mind” Group of severe psychotic disorders 1. disorganized and delusional thinking delusions-false beliefs, often of persecution or grandeur hallucinations-false sensory experiences, such as seeing something that isn’t there 2. disturbed perceptions 3. inappropriate actions and emotions Characteristics of schizophrenia: 1. paranoid-preoccupation with delusions or hallucinations 2. disorganized-disorganized speech or behavior, or flat or inappropriate emotion 3. catatonic-immobility (or excessive or purposeless movement), extreme negativism and/or parrot-like repeating of anothers movements or speech 4. undifferentiated or residual-schizophrenia symptoms without fitting one of the above Theories about the causes of mental illness: Supernatural theories view abnormality as a result of divine intervention, curses, demonic possession, personal sin Biological/natural theories-see abnormality as similar to physical disease; a breakdown of some systems of the body Psychological theories-see mental illness as a result of some sort of severe trauma Stone Age: Beliefs thought to be predominantly supernatural Trephination as treatment for mental illness o Drill holes in peoples heads Exorcism
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Ancient China and mental illness: Natural or biological approach-emotions are a result of united air over certain organs Yin and Yang Ancient Greece, Egypt, Rome, and mental illness: Both Egyptians and Greeks believed in the “wandering uterus” Plato-believed that mental illness was caused by the rational mind being overcome by impulse, passion, and appetite “Insane” people were often confined to their homes and 1. had their property taken away 2. weren’t allowed to get married Hippocrates and the 4 humors o Blood o Phlegm o Yellow bile o Black bile Medieval Theories: Prior to the 11 th century, mental illness was largely viewed by natural perspective During Inquisition, also arrested “witches” and “Satanists” Many of the accused may have been mentally ill or victims of poor nutrition and social conditions Psychic epidemic=mass hysteria; “St. Vitus Dance” Birth of mental hospitals: Patients weren’t well treated in these facilities, they were often chained, locked in boxes and put on display for a fee Act for Regulating Madhouses passed in 1774 o Only private o Designed to clean up conditions and prevent this from happening Modern mental health: Has the quality of institutions for the mentally ill began to improve?
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