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Exam 3 Study Guide

Exam 3 Study Guide - Exam 3 Study Guide Psychology Chapters...

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Exam 3 Study Guide Psychology: Chapters 9-11 and 15 CHAPTER 9: Stages of Memory- encoding (automatic processing, unconscious encoding of info), storage (the retention of encoded info over time), and retrieval (process of getting info out of memory storage) Sensory Memor y- the immediate initial recording of sensory info in the memory system Working Memory- focuses more on the processing of briefly stored info Long Term Memory- the relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system Short Term Memory- activated memory that holds a few items briefly Explicit Memory- memory of facts and experiences that one can consciously know and “declare” Implicit Memory- retention independent of conscious recollection Recall- a measure of memory in which the person must retrieve information learned earlier; ex: fill in the blank test Recognition- a measure of memory in which the person need only identify items previously learned; ex: multiple choice test Relearning- a memory measure that assesses the amount of time saved when learning Priming- the activation, often unconsciously, of certain associations, thus predisposing one’s perception, memory or response Forgetting- encoding failure; info never enters memory system Proactive Interference- disruptive effect of prior learning on recall of new information; something from past is keeping you from recalling new information Retroactive Interference- disruptive effect of new learning on recall of old info; something fro new impeding recalling old Chapter 10: Cognitive Psychology- the study of mental activities: concept formation, problem solving, decision making; the study of illogical and logical thinking Algorithm- methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem; contrasts with the speedier, more error-prone “heuristics” method Heuristics- rule of thumb that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently;
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