Fables of thereconstruction southern states enacted these rules to restrict the rights of African Americans, when theserules were put into action Congress refused to to seat southern a 1896 Supreme Court decisionwhich legalized state ordered segregation so long as the facilities for blacks and whites were equal a 1896 Supreme Court decisionwhich legalized state ordered segregation so long as the facilities for blacks and whites were equal Black code representatives and senators
"Jim Crow" laws The "separate but equal" segregation laws state and locallaws enacted in the Southern and border states of the United States and enforced between 1876 and 1965 Mississippi Plan (disfranchisement) Poll tax “grandfather clause” A clause in registration laws allowing people who do not meet registration requirements to vote if they or their ancestorshad voted before 1867 (loophole for poor white men) Williams v Mississippi 1898 - The Mississippi supremecourt ruled that poll taxes and literacy tests, which took away blacks' right to vote (a practice known as "disenfranchisement"), were legal. Exodustersthe African Americans migrating to the Great Plains state (ie: Kansas & Oklahoma)in 1879 to escape conditions inthe South Booker T. Washington Prominent black American, born into slavery, who believed that racism would end once blacks acquired useful labor skills and proved their economic value to society, was head of the Tuskegee Institute in 1881.
W.E.B. Du Bois 1st black to earn Ph.D. from Harvard, encouraged blacks to resist systems of segregation and discrimination, helped create NAACP in 1910