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Running head: ARTICLE REVIEW 1Benchmark- Article ReviewGrand Canyon University
ARTICLE REVIEW 2Benchmark- Article ReviewIntroduction Fluid intelligence is the ability to solve reasoning problems and is correlated with several important skills such as comprehension, problem-solving, and learning (Aeschlimann, 2017). Much of the work done relating to this study has focused on the relationship among intelligence and working memory. The purpose of the study was to analyze the relationship between fluid intelligence and capacity in memory as well as attention among children and young adults.MethodThe participants completed a series of 13 tasks in a specific order. Child participants completed the tasks in two 2-hr sessions throughout different days while adult participants completed the tasks in one 2-hr session. The tasks involve a wide variety of cognitive processing demands. The attention network task required participants to identify the number of stimuli that were briefly presented. This task focused on the participants' ability to correctly identify the number of items after a short presentation. The visual array change detection task involved a presentation of two arrays of colored items and the participant was asked to determine the change between the two arrays. The change detection with filtering task was based on the changedetection task described above but manipulated the number of distracting items rather than targetitems. The N-back task had participants are required to compare the identity of the third item to the first item, the fourth item to the second item, the fifth item to the third item, and so on. The Peabody picture vocabulary test consisted of a 4-alternative-choice test of vocabulary. The

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