1Amanda ConstantEng-105December 9, 2019Thomas SkeenADHD in the ClaasroomHave you ever been bored, restless, or just uncomfortable?Maybe your mind started to wander, you started to draw on a piece of paper, or fidgeted in your seat. It happens to the best ofus, especially if we don’t have the freedom to get up and move around.When you see a child doing the same thing you might assume they are bored too, but these symptoms might just be caused by a disorder called attention deficit hyperactivity disorder,or ADHD.Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a medical condition that causes differences in brain development and brain activity that causes someone’s attention, ability to sit still, and self-control to be affected. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder takes place in two to fifteen percent of children and yet only eleven percent of children in the United States are diagnosed with it in their lifetime. (1 in 3 students with ADHD receive no school interventions, 2019).When students are observed “making careless mistakes in schoolwork, overlooks details, is easily distracted or sidetracked, and has difficulty following instructions,” (What’s ADHD (and What’s Not) in the Classroom, 2019) this may lead to a diagnosis. These symptoms can often be mistaken for intentional disruption and cause students to get in trouble. This can make things worse when they get upset and/or angry Students tend to get frustrated and mad easily because they are getting in trouble or not maintaining any friends, and they don’t understand why.
2With so many children being diagnosed with ADHD, doctors and schools struggle to find ways to help students and minimize class disruptions.With more students getting diagnosed with ADHD per year, doctors have been more aware of what they should do to help them. Doctors have diagnosed them to ADHD medication which can help and improve children’s ability to concentrate, self-control, and following throughwith tasks. With these medications working, they don’t fix everything that the child had been struggling with. The main point of this medication is that some of the symptoms the child has is relieved. The most common type of medication prescribed for ADHD is stimulant medications, like Ritalin, Adderall, and Dexedrine. These medications are able to work by “increasing dopamine levels in the brain” (ADHD Medications, 2019). Even though there are medications that people with ADHD can take, these medications don’t help with everything. Students do and still struggle in school and they are not getting the help they need. In July 2016, Catherine E. Lhamon, assistant secretary of civil rights, stated that Congress promised that they are “clarifying the rights of students with ADHD in our nation’s school” and “the Department will continue to work with the education community to ensure that students with ADHD, and all students, are provided with equal access to education.” This is a major step in the right direction since the Office for Civil Rights (or OCR) had gotten over 16,000 complaints, between the years 2011 and 2016, about discrimination on the basis of disability in schools and more than ten percent of those complaints were talking about discrimination with students who have ADHD. Section 504 explains how schools need to evaluate students who need or believe is in need of special education or related services, discuss what service the student needs individually, and helps remind the schools that parents need to