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Politics 101 Notes Jan 20 - Politics 101 Jan. 20/2020...

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Politics 101Jan. 20/2020Responsible Government-Steps in government formation-1) Members of parliament are elected by citizens-2 Cabinet members are selected by the PM from the Mp’s-3) The cabinet must hold the confidence of the House to govern-The cabinet must hold the confidence of the house-What this means is that a majority of MP’s, in the House of Commons must support thegovernment-Different from the situation in Presidential countries like the United States-Responsible government is not exclusively written in the canadian constitution-It is considered a constitutional convention-The notion of responsible government does not extend to the Senate-By default, it is presumed that MPs give their confidence to Cabinet-It is withdrawing confidence that requires a vote-What are motions of confidence?-Specific federal laws-Any bill that carries budgetary implications is a motion of confidence-The speech from the throne-Any bill that the government states is a motion of confidence then becomes amotion of confidence-An explicit motion of confidence contributed by an opposition party-The easiest way for a government to maintain the support of the House is when theirparty holds a majority of the seats in the House of Commons-To do so you need to make sure that your own MPs will vote in favour of the government-This is why we talk of party lines or party disciplines is Canadians politics-Achieving this can be done by rewarding MPs for loyalty and punishing dissent-This has led to debates about the role of party discipline-Some argue that it is essential for responsible government-Others counter that is limits the ability of MPs to represent their own ridings-There are arguments in favour of party discipline, however,-It provides Mps with allies when making length decisions-Greater transparency for voters-When the governing party does not hold a majority of seats, then things become more

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Term
Fall
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Westminster system

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