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Lexical CategoriesFor decades, generative linguistics has said little about the differences betweenverbs, nouns, and adjectives. This book seeks to fill this theoretical gap bypresenting simple and substantive syntactic definitions of these three lexicalcategories. Mark C. Baker claims that the various superficial differences foundin particular languages have a single underlying source which can be used togive better characterizations of these “parts of speech.” These new definitionsare supported by data from languages from every continent, including English,Italian, Japanese, Edo, Mohawk, Chichewa, Quechua, Choctaw, Nahuatl,Mapuche, and several Austronesian and Australian languages. Baker arguesfor a formal, syntax-oriented, and universal approach to the parts of speech,as opposed to the functionalist, semantic, and relativist approaches that havedominated the few previous works on this subject. This book will be welcomedby researchers and students of linguistics and by related cognitive scientists oflanguage.mark c. bakeris Professor of Linguistics and Chair of the Department ofLinguistics at Rutgers University and a member of the Center for CognitiveScience. He is the author ofIncorporation: a theory of grammatical func-tion changing(1988),The polysynthesis parameter(1996), andThe atoms oflanguage: the mind’s hidden rules of grammar(2001), as well as of numer-ous articles in journals such asLinguistic InquiryandNatural Language andLingustic Theory.
In this seriesCAMBRIDGE STUDIES IN LINGUISTICSGeneral Editors:p. austin, j. bresnan, b. comrie,w. dressler, c. j. ewen, r. lass, d. lightfoot,i. roberts, s. romaine, n. v. smith67p.h. matthews:Grammatical theory in the United States from Bloomfield to Chomsky68ljiljana progovac:Negative and positive polarity: a binding approach69r.m.w. dixon:Ergativity70yan huang:The syntax and pragmatics of anaphora71knud lambrecht:Information structure and sentence form: topic, focus, and themental representations of discourse referents72luigi burzio:Principles of English stress73john a. hawkins:A performance theory of order and constituency74alice c. harrisandlyle campbell:Historical syntax in cross-linguisticperspective75liliane haegeman:The syntax of negation76paul gorrell:Syntax and parsing77guglielmo cinque:Italian syntax and universal grammar78henry smith:Restrictiveness in case theory79d. robert ladd:Intonational phonology80andrea moro:The raising of predicates: predicative noun phrases and the theory ofclause structure81roger lass:Historical linguistics and language change82john m. anderson:A notional theory of syntactic categories83bernd heine:Possession: cognitive sources, forces and grammaticalization84nomi erteschik-shir:The dynamics of focus structure85john coleman:Phonological representations: their names, forms and powers86christina y. bethin:Slavic prosody: language change and phonological theory87barbara dancygier:Conditionals and prediction: time, knowledge and causation in