notes test 2 - Test no chapter 6- consciousness Test @ 2.30...

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Test no chapter 6- consciousness Test @ 2.30 How do we define is something is a psychological disorder: -unusual for that persons culture -disturbing to that person -dysfunctional -danger to themselves or others Medical model -mental illness: diagnosis, treatment, cure DSM IV: diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders 1. defines disorder 2. prevalence of disorder 3. doesn’t say anything about how you got it or cure it pros: helps to develop vocabulary, helps to define disorders cons: self-fulfilling prophecy -discrimination -rosenhan: went to a crazy hospital but was normal, published results How do changes occur in the DSM? In 1956 Evelyn Hooker published an empirical paper showing no difference in the mental health of gay and straight men; database continued until 1970s Schizophrenia: a group of disorders characterized by -auditory hallucinations -delusions -disorganized thinking -inappropriate emotions What it isn’t: multiple personalities, dissociative identity disorder 1 in 100 are schizophrenic, hits during adolescents, effects men and women equally Anxiety disorder: generalized anxiety disorder: continually tense, worried, aroused Panic attack: intense feelings that something horrible will happen Phobia: persistent irrational fear and avoidance Obsessive-compulsive disorder: unwanted repetitive thoughts or actions Post dramatic stress disorder: nightmares, flashback, social withdrawl 3 types of dissociative disorders: Dissociative amnesia: selective memory loss due to extreme stress (not the same as organic amnesia) Dissociative fugue: memory loss of identity and leaving ones home Dissociative identity disorder (multiple personality disorder): when a person exhibits more than one distinct personality Major depressive disorder: characterized by feelings of sadness, worthlessness, apathy
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- chronic, rather than acute - genetic component - brain physiology: linked to neurotransmitters, norepinephrine and serotonin cycle of depression: 1. stressful experiences 2. negative explanatory style 3. depressed mood 4. cognitive and behavioral changes bipolar disorder (manic-depressive disorder): characterized by alternating between hoplesness and low energy to overexcited mania (PET scan) antisocial personality disorder (psychopath): absolute lack of conscience (right or wrong) or remorse (even for friends) borderline personality disorder: unstable sense of self, report feelings of emptiness; people who hurt themselves narcissistic personality disorder: exaggerate their own importance and may believe they are more successful than they are histrionic personality disorder: marked by dramatic but shallow emotions in an attempt to
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course INDV 103 taught by Professor Mcbrearty during the Spring '08 term at University of Arizona- Tucson.

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notes test 2 - Test no chapter 6- consciousness Test @ 2.30...

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