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Unformatted text preview: Exam 1 Review Chapter One: Helen Torres Story • Cupcake story • Currently works for HOPE (Hispanas Organized for Political Equality) Defining Communication • NCA (National Communication Association) is a professional organization that represents teachers and scholars of speech and communication in the US. • Communication is the process through which people use messages to generate meanings within and across contexts, cultures, channels, and media. • Communication is a process – communication unfolds over time through a series of interconnected actions carried out by participants. • A message is the “package” of information that is transported during communication. • An interaction is when people exchange a series of messages. • Contexts are when communication occurs in a seemingly endless variety of situations. • A communication channel is the sensory dimension along which communicators transmit information: auditory, visual, tactile (touch), olfactory (scent), or oral. • To transmit information, communicators employ a broad range of tools known as communication media. History of Communication • Ptah Hotep wrote a guidebook for enhancing interpersonal communication skills. He urged actively listening, especially for situations in which people lack experience. • Rhetoric comprises the theory and practice of persuading others through speech. • Socrates thought of rhetoric not as a knowledge-based philosophy but as a skill gained through experience. • Plato viewed rhetoric as the practical complement of dialectic, the form of philosophical reasoning through which one could attain enlightenment. • They realized that communication skill can be used to attain unethical as well as ethical ends, and they argued strongly against wielding words in manipulative and exploitative ways. • Cicero, a statesman and orator, noted three practical objectives of public speaking: to instruct, to please, and win over. • Cicero also outlined the five steps to speech crafting and presentation that we continue to practice: invention (reasoning out truth in order to make your case compelling), arrangement (organizing the information you want to present), style (selecting suitable words to convey the information), memory (having a firm grasp of your subject and words), and delivery (controlling your body and voice when presenting your speech)....
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course COM 225 taught by Professor Morrison during the Fall '08 term at Michigan State University.
- Fall '08