Everything you Need to Know AboutHuman Papillomavirus InfectionMedically reviewed by Alana Biggers, MD, MPH on February 27, 2019 — Writtenby Amber Erickson Gabbey, Jacquelyn Cafasso, and Jill Seladi-Schulman, PhDIf you buy something through a link on this page, we may earn a small commission.How this works.Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a viral infection that’s passed betweenpeople through skin-to-skin contact. There are over 100 varieties of HPV,more than 40of which are passed through sexual contact and canaffect your genitals, mouth, or throat.According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC),HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI).It’s so common that most sexually active people will get some variety of itat some point, even if they have few sexual partners.Some cases of genital HPV infection may not cause any health problems.However, some types of HPV can lead to the development of genitalwarts and even cancers of the cervix, anus, and throat.CausesSymptomsIn menIn womenTestsTreatmentsRisk factorsPreventionPregnancyFacts and statisticsWhat is human papillomavirus infection?ADVERTISEMENTADVERTISEMENTSUBSCRIBE
The virus that causes HPV infection is transmitted through skin-to-skincontact. Most people get a genital HPV infection through direct sexualcontact, including vaginal, anal, and oral sex.Because HPV is a skin-to-skin infection, intercourse isn’t required fortransmission to occur.Many people have HPV and don’t even know it, which means you can stillcontract it even if your partner doesn’t have any symptoms. It’s alsopossible to have multiple types of HPV.In rare cases, a mother who has HPV can transmit the virus to her babyduring delivery. When this happens, the child may develop a conditioncalled recurrent respiratory papillomatosis where they develop HPV-related warts inside their throat or airways.Often, HPV infection doesn’t cause any noticeable symptoms or healthproblems.In fact, 90 percentof HPV infections (9 out of 10) go away on their ownwithin two years, according to the CDC. However, because the virus is stillin a person’s body during this time, that person may unknowingly transmitHPV.Police Say To Carry ThisPolice say everyone should carry this newsafety device that protects against attackers.TrySafePersonalAlarm.comAd closed by Report this adWhy this ad? HPV causesHPV symptomsADVERTISEMENT
When the virus doesn’t go away on its own, it can cause serious healthproblems. These include genital warts and warts in the throat (known asrecurrent respiratory papillomatosis).HPV can also cause cervical cancer and other cancers of the genitals,head, neck, and throat.The types of HPV that cause warts are different from the types that causecancer. So, having genital warts caused by HPV doesn’t mean that you’lldevelop cancer.