March 3 Fertility

March 3 Fertility - March 3 2008 Fertility V Fertility A...

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March 3, 2008 Fertility V. Fertility A. Fertility rate in 20 th century In 50s and 60s- each woman had an average of 4 kids Dropped since late 60s. Population replacement levels: currently 2.1 Reached for first time since 70s last year. B. Race/Ethnicity Hispanic citizens have a higher fertility rate: 2.9 Whites: 1.86 Black women: 2.1 Asians: 1.9 *Paradoxical- worst at giving women any assistance with work/family 12 weeks unpaid leave. Canada and France give paid leave. Least friendly policies. Economy more flexible for part-time work. VI. Childbearing Outside of Marriage 1. Tremendous Increase Prevalence a. 39% of births in U.S. b. By Age: % of Total Births outside of marriage -24% to teens 15-19 -37% are to women 20-24 c. By Race/Ethnicity (2000 census) *African American (61%), Native American (58%), Latinas (30%), White (23%), Asian (14%) 2. Explanations for increase in nonmarital pregnancy – same as for increase in nonmarital sex -Also, less likely to marry after pregnancy than before 3. Teenage Pregnancy a. Has decreased- why? Less sex (oral sex instead) + more contraception used
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