Social:Gender WoL.pdf - Bruinsma 4045580\/1 \u201cGive us also the Right to our Existence!\u201d Explorations of Gender Identity in the Early 20th Century as

Social:Gender WoL.pdf - Bruinsma 4045580/1 u201cGive us...

This preview shows page 1 - 6 out of 46 pages.

Bruinsma 4045580/1 “Give us also the Right to our Existence!” Explorations of Gender Identity in the Early 20 th Century as Portrayed in Virginia Woolf’s Orlando and Radclyffe Hall’s The Well of Loneliness Ymke Bruinsma 4045580 BA-Thesis U.Wilbers 15 June 2015
Bruinsma 4045580/2 E NGELSE T AAL EN C ULTUUR Teacher who will receive this document: U. Wilbers Title of document: “Give us also the Right to our Existence!” Explorations of Gender Identity in the Early 20 th Century as P ortrayed in Virginia Woolf’s Orlando and Radclyffe Hall’s The Well of Loneliness Name of course: BA-Werkstuk Engelse Letterkunde Date of submission: 15 August 2015 The work submitted here is the sole responsibility of the undersigned, who has neither committed plagiarism nor colluded in its production. Signed Name of student: Ymke Bruinsma Student number: 4045580
Bruinsma 4045580/3 Abstract In the early twentieth-century, researchers such as Havelock Ellis and Richard von Krafft- Ebing wrote about a phenomenon they called sexual inversion. This was the study of homosexuals who identified as the opposite sex. The idea of a sexual invert was also adopted by a number of writers, such as Radclyffe Hall, who herself identified as a congenital invert. She was a lesbian who preferred masculine clothing. The protagonist, Stephen Gordon, in her novel The Well of Loneliness is born a girl, but grows up as a little boy, because of her parents who had expected to have a son. In later life, Stephen identifies herself as a lesbian and an invert, because she does not want to wear feminine clothing and resents her feminine body. Woolf also wrote about a person whose sexuality and gender is deviated from the norm in Orlando . Orlando is a man who halfway through the book turns into a woman and thus experiences life both as a man and a woman, coming to the conclusion that a character that is a combination of both male and female aspects would make a better-developed person. Keywords Virginia Woolf; Orlando ; Radclyffe Hall; The Well of Loneliness ; Richard von Krafft-Ebing; Psychopathia Sexualis ; Havelock Ellis; Studies in the Psychology of Sex ; Sigmund Freud; gender identity; sexual identity; (sexual) inversion
Bruinsma 4045580/4 Table of Contents Essay Cover Sheet p. 2 Abstract and Keywords p. 3 Table of Contents p. 4 Introduction p. 5 Chapter 1 The Early Twentieth Century: A Historical Background of Social Change, Sexology, and Psychology p. 9 1.1 Social Change During and After World War I p. 9 1.2 Sexologists, Psychologists, and Psychoanalysts p. 11 Chapter 2 The Gender Identity of Stephen Gordon in The Well of Loneliness p. 17 2.1 The Life of Radclyffe Hall p. 17 2.2 Stephen Gordon in The Well of Loneliness p. 19 Chapter 3 Woolf’s View of Gender Identity as Explained in Orlando p. 29 3.1 The Life of Virginia Woolf p. 29 3.2 Gender Identity in Orlando p. 31 Conclusion p. 40 Works Cited p. 44
Bruinsma 4045580/5 Introduction Over the late-twentieth century and the 21 st century, fashion for women has changed dramatically. Recent fashion trends have shown that women tend to dress more and more unisex nowadays. Katherine Wilkinson, a journalist who specialises in gender and sexuality,

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture