exam3notes - 2 Skills approach a The first set of skills...

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1. Symptoms of Groupthink a. Closed-mindedness 2. Willingness of the group to ignore differences in people and warnings about poor group decisions 3. Symptoms of this category a. Out-group stereotype i. Collective rationalization ii. Pressure towrds uniformity b. Occurs when grp members go along to get along 4. Symptoms of this category: a. Self-censorship b. Illusion of unanimity c. Self-appointed mindguards d. Pressures on dissenters 5. 2.Ways to prevent Groupthink a. t'Hart suggests preventing groupthink by: i. Requiring oversight and control ii. Embracing whistle-blowing in the group iii. Allowing for objection What is leadership? “Leadership is the process of developing and communicating a vision to a group of people in a way that will make that vision true.” 1. Trait approach a. Tried to identify the qualities and characteristics of a great political, religious, and army leaders. b. The goal was to find a set of traits that defined the great leaders. c. Also referred to as the Great Man theories.
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Unformatted text preview: 2. Skills approach a. The first set of skills that defined the success of a leader were: technical, human, and conceptual skills. b. Katz (1955) suggested that leaders at different levels of the organization may rely on different skills in order to succeed. i. Lower levels of organization demanded more technical and human skills. ii. Upper levels of organization required human and conceptual skills. 3. Style approach a. Leader’s behavior was characterized as task oriented or relationship oriented. b. The Managerial Grid (Blake & Mouton) is the most well-known behavioral model of leadership. 4. Situational leadership a. To be an effective leader one has to adapt his/her style to the situation. b. Incorporates the development level of subordinates. i. Less developed, more directive approach ii. More developed, more participatory, supportive approach...
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exam3notes - 2 Skills approach a The first set of skills...

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