COMM101SG1

COMM101SG1 - Communication Study Guide 1 Boxing Plato's...

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Communication Study Guide 1 Boxing Plato's Shadow, Introduction (pp. xv-xx) 1. How did Robert Gunderson describe communication scholars? Most scholars began career intending to be something else (psychologists, sociologists, literacy critics. historians) 2. How much time does the average person spends communicating? 75% of the average person’s day 3. What was the development of modern communication study? Communication has been studied and taught for 2500 years BUT Focus has shifted and name has changed Rhetoric - focus on the art of persuading others through speech Elocution - 19 th century, Europeanist Americans sought to build ability to speak gracefully and effectively- emphasizing voice, diction and gesture Speech - 20 th century, distinguish discipline from English by focusing on spoken communication calling their discipline, speech. Communication - 1960’s today 4. Who is responsible for the modern term "communication?" John Locke in 1690 Boxing Plato's Shadow, Ch.1 1. Athens' two important innovations? 1) The Adversary System of Justice An alternative to fighting among themselves. Let a 3 rd party serve as a judge who decided how dispute was settled verbal combat 2)Democracy Replacement for tyranny citizens assembled and made decisions by majority vote. 2. Why was a market for skilled speakers developed in Athens? In Athenian courts, citizens were required to advocate cases for themselves and be persuasive. Success in public speaking became a means to grater wealth, status and power. 3. What’s a "sophist" and their contributions? Sophists - persons who studied and taught persuasive public speaking. They were referred to “learned men, wise men, poets and teachers.” Contributions… Corax: Invented the study of rhetoric. Identified different parts of speech and defined probability. Provided a basis for treating argument and persuasion not merely advocating what is certainly true but also discovering what is probably true. Protagoras : 2 sides to every story/argument. “Truth of one side should be tested by the truth of the other side.” Father of debate. Gorgias : Public speeches can excite and inspire people. Through great oratory one can “stop fear and banish grief and create joy and nurture piety.” Developed kairos, which states speakers should adapt their oratory to suit the audience and the occasion. Hippias: Advocated that speakers must be broadly knowledgeable, able to answer all question on a subject. Isocrates: brought together much of the teaching of 5 th century Sophists. “Teacher”
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4. What were the attitudes of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle towards rhetoric? Socrates- More ask questions than persuade. Suspicious of attempts by people to persuade
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COMM101SG1 - Communication Study Guide 1 Boxing Plato's...

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