CHAPTER 13 The Union In Peril - CHAPTER 13 THE UNION IN PERIL 1848-1861 \u25cf \u25cf \u25cf \u25cf \u25cf \u25cf \u25cf \u25cf \u25cf \u25cf \u25cf Four main causes between north and

CHAPTER 13 The Union In Peril - CHAPTER 13 THE UNION IN...

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CHAPTER 13 THE UNION IN PERIL 1848-1861 Four main causes between north and south : 1.) Slavery 2.) Constitutional Disputes 3.) Economic Differences 4.) Political Blunders and Extremities Wilmot Proviso - excluded slavery from the new territories (supported by Northern Democrats and Whigs) Whether to allow slavery in new territories was to be determined by a vote of those who settled the territory-not congress (Lewis Cass-senator) Compromise of 1850 (proposed by Henry Clay) 1.) Admit California as a free state 2.) Divide the remainder of the Mexican Cession into two territories –Utah and New Mexico and allow settlers to decide slavery issue by majority vote 3.) Give land in dispute between Texas and New Mexico to the new territories in return for the federal government assuming Texas’ public deft of 10 million 4.) ban the slave trade in the District of Columbia but permit whites to hold slaves as before 5.) Adopt a new Fugitive Slave Law and enforce it rigorously The Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854)- proposed that the Nebraska Territory be divide into the Kansas Territory and Nebraska Territory and allow settlers there determine if there should be slavery-signed by President Pierce Political Party’s - Know-nothing party - opposition to Catholics and immigrants, who were entering northern cities in large numbers. Republican Party coalition of free soilers,

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