Module 2 History NOtes.docx - 02.01 Area One Colonization...

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02.01Area One: Colonization Cove—Native Americans both benefited from and experienced drawbacks by European colonization. Some Europeans came to convert them to Christianity. Others enslaved natives for labor.Area Two: French and Indian War Valley—The French and Indian War left Britain with a heavy debt. This led to unpopular British taxation policies.Area Three: Colonial Unity Plains—Unhappy with British policies, colonists staged boycotts, wrote petitions, and protested. The first shots of the American Revolution were fired at Lexington and Concord. British soldiers came to try to seize weapons. Area Four: Liberty Cliff—The Second Continental Congress directed delegates to draft a Declaration of Independence. Thomas Jefferson was the primary author. He included a list of reasons why colonists wanted to separate from Britain. Area Five: Revolutionary Celebrities Mountain—The Americans won the Revolutionary War after overcoming great odds. The Founding Fathers provided leadership to help the colonists to victory. Area Six: War Island—Many significant individuals and groups contributed to the success of the American Revolution. Women, African Americans, Native Americans, and European allies were all instrumental in contributing to war efforts.Columbian Exchange:The Columbian Exchange was the exchange of ideas, goods, and people between Europe and the Americas. This resulted in new animals, plants, and diseases being shared by the two hemispheres. Native American populations dramatically declined because of not having natural resistances to these new diseases.Missionary: A missionary is a person sent to another country to spread his or her faith. The Spanish and French sent missionaries to America to convert Native Americans to Christianity. Boycott: A boycott is a refusal to purchase or deal with something. Colonists boycotted British goods after disagreeing with their tax policies.Massacre: A massacre refers to a killing of a large number of people. The Sons of Liberty named the event in Boston a “massacre” to turn public opinion against the British.Grievances: Grievances are formal complaints. The colonists listed their grievances against Britain in the Declaration of Independence.Revolution: A revolution replaces a government. The American Revolution was an attempt to overthrow Britain from power.Guerrilla Warfare: Guerrilla warfare uses surprise-attack techniques during a battle. The colonists used these tactics successfully against the British. Mercenaries: Mercenaries are hired soldiers. The British employed mercenaries to help fight the colonists.
Religion One of the reasons Europeans came to the New World was to spread Christianity to the Native Americans. Spanish and French Catholics worked as missionaries. Their mission was to convert the natives to Christianity. The French were not able to change the Native American customs as much as the Spanish did. Some natives were open to the idea of Christianity. Others had the religion forced upon them.

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