HDF exam 2 study guide - \u25cf Relationship Cognition \u25cb Cognitive accessibility mental process of knowing including awareness perception reasoning and

HDF exam 2 study guide - u25cf Relationship Cognition...

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Relationship Cognition Cognitive accessibility - mental process of knowing, including awareness, perception, reasoning, and judgement Bottom-up versus Top-down processing - bottom-up perceptions guided by stimulus input comes from outside. Top down perceptions guided by perceiver existing mental representations shape how we view the world Input comes from inside the perceived Relationship example of top down: how does mood affect how you perceive your relationship? How does your personality affect it? These internal states guide the perceptions of the relationship Mindsets—Implicit theories of relationships What are they? mindsets we can hold in relationships 1. Destiny (fixed) : potential partners are either right or wrong. A successful relationship is mostly a matter of finding the right partner. Relationships that don’t start well will fail. “You found that one person, ONE, that you are meant to be with” 2. Growth: the ideal relationship develops over time. Obstacles can make love even stronger. A relationship succeeds through hard work and resolution of incompatibility. Associated with more relationship maintaining behaviors What would each predict you can have both mindsets
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fate brought people together but then it is up to them Destiny v. Growth: mindsets are flexible and can change over time Being Single Why are there more single people today? 110.6 unmarried adults (45.2%) four possible reasons there are more single people today: demographics 97 men for every 100 women in the US men die quicker than women economics better career and earning potential for women. Some feel that can’t afford marriage don’t have to depend on men like in the old times technology BIRTH CONTROL don’t have to wait until marriage to have sex for fear of getting pregnant culture sex outside marriage OK marriage no longer means that you are becoming an adult order of priorities like education and career first Effects of being single - still big stigma but better connection with friends, parents, siblings, and neighbors, more community involvement Unmarried vs. unsingled unmarried has a negative connotation and makes it seem they are less desirable or not a full person Bc they aren’t married Cohabitation what is it? unmarried partners involved in a close personal relationship who share living
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quarters Quasi-cohabitation versus Living Apart Together Quasi when individuals spend most nights together, but maintain separate residences (lots of college relationships) Living apart together living in the same place with separate spaces for each person (separate bedrooms or splitting the house) Reasons people cohabit? economic reasons precursor to marriage Is cohabitation related to worse relationship outcomes? When? Why?
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