Midterm Review

Midterm Review - History 162 U.S History since 1877 Midterm...

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History 162 U.S. History since 1877 Midterm Study Reconstruction Philip Sheridan – Indian Resistance in the southern plains continued until the Red River War of 1874-1875, when General Philip Sheridan forced the Indians to disband in the spring of 1875. Seventy-two Indian chiefs were imprisoned for three years. (conquest of the Shenandoah Valley by Gen. Philip H. Sheridan. Outflanked Lee’s army to keep him away from the White House) Philip H. Sheridan, who was one of the heroes of the Civil War, was a soldier who had started his career on the frontier and would return there after the war to help the United States in expanding its territory by having to combat many Native Americans in doing so. Sheridan was an extremely important person who helped conquer the frontier. Sheridan believed in the freeing of black slaves, and decided that he would help protect the blacks now that they were free. The site of Fort Sill was staked out on January 8, 1869 by Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan who led a campaign into Indian Territory to stop hostile tribes from raiding border settlements in Texas and Kansas. Black Codes – During Reconstruction, every southern state then denied African Americans the right to vote and passed so-called Black Codes. Put recently freed black slaves in an inferior political & legal position to whites. Blacks couldn’t enter into any kind of work contract. If they wanted to work outside of agriculture, they needed strict apprenticeships., but also must acquire licenses for apprenticeships. Any Ku Klux Klan – Those who fought against the republicans were called redeemers. The major weapon of the Redeemers was the Klu Klux Klan. Founded in 1866 by confederate veterans. One of the leader’s founders was Nathan Bedford Forrest. Formed a “White Social Club”, which quickly developed into a terrorist
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Midterm Review - History 162 U.S History since 1877 Midterm...

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