Intro to dev 2-3

Intro to dev 2-3 - 1 ECME 101 Introduction: Developmental...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 ECME 101 Introduction: Developmental Theories 2 What is development? Development is change over time within context: D= c & c/t/C change and constancy over time over context 4 Lines of development that impact all facets or domains of development Ontogenesis-Ontogenetic development: Development of the individual organism from conception to death Phylogenesis-Phylogenetic development Development of the species, in humans this is referred to as evolution. Sociogenesis-Socio-historical development Development of the culture/society of individuals over time Micorgenesis-Micorgenetic development The moment to moment development which occurs in interaction with environment 2 3 3 Biases of the Developmental Approach: Looks at psychological processes in a socio-historical context Interested in how things come to be. Origins and antecedents are essential to understanding something. Interested in patterns of organization rather than speciFc behaviors Human potential at any given time is determined by how effective a person is in completing the developmental task at hand (attachment, self-regulation, competence) which organize their activity. Humans are biological systems and thus open systems. Open to genetic and environmental inuences and their mutual inuence. 4 Controversies or debates within the Developmental Approach: Heredity vs Environment: Nature vs Nurture Epistemological origin: Empiricists vs Rationalists. Stage vs Continuity Qualitative shifts or continuous quantitative change How do these forms of change inuence processes and structure? DeFcit vs Difference Defect model or orientation: Gessel -Norms of functioning Competence model or orientation: Biases one to embrace a deeper understanding of difference rather than Fnding deFcits. Mechanistic vs Organismic - What role do we play in our development? Competence vs defect orientation - How are we biased in how we see development? What develops? How does this development occur? 3 5 Relative Maturity Prenatal Before birth Post natal After birth Birth F u l l y d e v e l o p e d Maintenance Maintenance P a r t i a l l y d e v e l o p e d Loss Loss M a tu ra tio n M a tu r a tio n No effect Paths of developmental change for process and structures 6 Defnition oF theory: A theory is a systematic collection oF concepts and relations Requirements oF a scientifc theory:...
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Intro to dev 2-3 - 1 ECME 101 Introduction: Developmental...

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