Introduction to child development-1

Introduction to child development-1 - Intro to Child...

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Intro to Child Development 1 Introduction to Theories of Development D. Atencio -Handout The concept of development: Development is change over time (C/T) Development occurs in context (C/T/C) Two main questions guide developmental research: What develops? How does this development occur? 4 Lines of development that impact all developmental domains simultaneously: Ontogenesis or Ontogenetic development – Development of the organism/individual from conception to death. Phylogenesis or Phylogenetic development – Development of the species across time (e.g., humans) evolutionary development across time Sociogenesis , sociocultural development, sociogenetic development – Development of the culture or society of individuals across time. Microgenesis or Micorgenetic development – Moment to moment development that occurs in interaction with the environment – Pattern of this development is what is called proximal process in ecological systems theory . Evidenced in ones experience of understanding, learning, emotional reaction or interest. Important to understand that these are all changing simultaneously and thus are always influencing humans at the same time and are always influencing each other line of development G. Stanley Hall – Ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny Why study development? - Some basics Studying development can give you realistic expectations for children and adolescents. Knowledge of development can help you respond appropriately to children’s actual behavior. Knowledge of development can help you recognize when departures from the typical or average are truly significant. Studying development can help you understand yourself. Studying development can make you a better advocate for the needs and rights of children Quantitative Change --- Change in Amount Qualitative Change--- Change in Structure Developmental Psychology - is the division of psychology that is concerned specifically with changes that occur over time, and with the processes and influences that account for these changes. Not a content area but rather an approach for studying various domains of human activity. The text discusses three domains that are affected by development: Biosocial - Basic growth and body changes: motor and psychomotor function. Cognitive - Mental processes related to thinking, remembering, communicating and problem solving. Psychosocial - Development of personality, affect, motivation, and interpersonal skills Recurring questions in child development: Organismic / Mechanistic – What are the forces that cause development? Nature / Nurture – Where does development originate? Continuity / Discontinuity – How does development unfold? Stability / Change – Is developmental change consistent?
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Introduction to child development-1 - Intro to Child...

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