1.16 LING1 HW1 print .dot

1.16 LING1 HW1 print .dot - LING1 HW1 TA: Jinhee Lee,...

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LING1 HW1 Jan. 16th TA: Jinhee Lee, Section: 1Q, p33 9. State some rule of grammar that you have learned is the correct way to say something, but you do not generally use in speaking. For example, you may have heard that It's me is incorrect and that the correct form is It's I. Nevertheless, you always use me in such sentences; your friends do also, and in fact, It's I sounds odd to you. Write a short essay presenting arguments against someone who tells you that you are wrong. Discuss how this disagreement demonstrates the difference between descriptive and prescriptive grammars. 1. Rule: The double- negatives-make- a-positive wrong: " I do not want nothing!"=> right: " I do not want anything." 2. Rule: Use "fewer" for countable nouns, and "less" for uncountable nouns wrong: sign at the checkout of a supermarket: " Ten items or less."=> right: " Ten items or fewer."( items are countable) 3. Rule:" Hopefully" means "with hope" wrong: use "hopefully" to mean " I hope" 4. Rule: subjunctive mood, use " I were" rather than " I was" wrong: " I wish I was somebody." => right:" I wish I were somebody." 6. Rule: in standard English usage, it is rare to use more than one modal verb consecutively, with a few exceptions such as "might have" or "may have used to". wrong: " I might could do something about it." => right:" I might be able to do something about it." / " I probable could do something about it." 7. Rule: Avoid ending a sentence with a preposition wrong: "This is the house we live in."=> right: "This is the house in which I live." Short Essay: Indeed, "It's me" is grammatically wrong. However, it's such a common expression today that everyone instinctively understands and uses it. Replying "It's I" after being asked "Who's there?" is extremely confusing and shows unnecessary slavish adherence to standard grammar. Sometimes correct English is wrong and wrong English is right. The opponents of such grammatically wrong oral expression may argue that these expressions deviate from the grammar. However, they fail to realize that there are two different kinds of grammar: descriptive grammar and prescriptive grammar. The descriptive grammar describes the rules of the language that exists in the minds of its speakers and it represents the
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This note was uploaded on 06/24/2009 for the course LING 1 taught by Professor Schuh during the Winter '08 term at UCLA.

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1.16 LING1 HW1 print .dot - LING1 HW1 TA: Jinhee Lee,...

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