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L HW2 e - Linguistic1 TA P165 HW2 Section 1J 7 a The Puppy...

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Linguistic1 HW2 TA: Section: 1J P165 7. a. The Puppy found the child. b. A frightened passenger landed the crippled airliner. c. The house on the hill collapsed in the sind. d. The Ice melted. e. The hot sun melted the ice. f. A fast car with twin cams sped by the children on the grassy lane.
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g. The old tree swayed in the wind. h. The Children put the toy in the box. i. The reporter realized that the senator lied. j. Broken ice melts in the sun. k. My guitar gently weeps.
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l. A stranger cleverly observed that a dangerous spy from the CIA lurks in the alley by the old tenement. 11. Using one or more of the constituency tests ( stand alone, move as a unit, replacement by a pronoun), determine which boldfaced portions in the sentences are constituents. Provide the grammatical category of the constituents. a. Martha found a lovely pillow for the couch. "a lovely pillow" is a constituent, a NP. 1. stand alone: What did Martha find for the couch? A lovely pillow. 2. replace by a pronoun: Martha found it for couch. b. The light in this room is terrible. "light in this room" is not a constituent, it need a DET in front of the N'( Adj. + N) to become a NP.It cannot stand alone or being replaced by a pronoun: * What is terrible? Light in this room. *The it is terrible. c. I wonder if Bonnie has finished packing her books . "if Bonnie has finished packing her books" is a constituent, a CP. 1. mau: If Bonnie has finished packing her books, I wonder. d. Melissa slept in her class . “ in her class" is a constituent, a PP. 1. sa: Where did Melissa sleep? 2. move as a unit: In her class, Melissa slept. 3. rbp: Melissa slept there. e. Pete and Max are fighting over the bone . "Pete and Max" is a constituent, a Coordinate Structure.
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1. sa: who are fighting over the bone? Pete and Max. 2. rbp: They are fighting over the bone. "the bone" is a constituent, an NP. 1. sa: What is Pere and Max fighting over? The bone 2. rbp: Pete and Max are fighting over it.
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