HC.Wk13.09 - Handling Health care Three Positions on the...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–12. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Handling Health care
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Three Positions on the Right to Health Care 1. We have no right to heath care beyond our right to purchase what we can afford. (Libertarian) 2. We have a right to some minimal level of health care (e.g., basic preventive health care, such as vaccinations, and curative health care, such as antibiotics etc.). Those who can may purchase more. (Rawls, Daniels) 3. We have a right to equal access to health care (Gutman, Nielsen). No one may purchase more than all have access to.
Background image of page 2
Rights and Justice Rights are universal moral entitlements to be treated in certain ways Relationship between the concept of rights and that of justice Justice can be defined as “treating equals equally” If all have an entitlement to be treated in a certain way, then it would be unjust to not treat some people in that way
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Distributive Justice Distributive Justice is concerned with the fair allocation of benefits and burdens Central Question: How should benefits and burdens of our lives be distributed?
Background image of page 4
Issues of equality and distribution Two mechanisms of allocating benefits Government intervention Market Important views Utilitarian (Consequentialist) Rights-based Libertarian Socialist Liberal
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Utilitarianism Absolute rights v. derivative rights No absolute rights including the right to health care Utilitarians recognize derivative rights Utilitarians require empirical research to determine if a right exists or not.
Background image of page 6
Right based views: Libertarian All individuals have rights to life, liberty and property Robert Nozick’s Entitlement Theory of Justice: A given distribution is just if everyone is entitled to the holdings they have under that distribution. Nozick’s theory consists of two principles: a principle of justice in acquisition a principle of justice in transfer Assumptions -Notion of property rights (John Locke’s theory of natural rights) -All property belongs to individuals
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
John Locke’s Theory of Property Rights People “own” their bodies and their labor. Land, in its natural state, is unowned. Therefore, when someone mixes his labor with land that is un-owned, the person’s exclusive rights to his labor are transferred to the land. He then owns that land. Locke’s Proviso: ownership can be justified only when “enough and as good” land remains for others.
Background image of page 8
Libertarian self-ownership argument 1.People own themselves 2. You can acquire absolute rights over the things of the world provided you do not worsen the condition of others. 3. It is relatively easy to acquire absolute rights over things of the world. 4. Therefore, once private property has been acquired, a free market in capital and labor is morally required.
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Role of government For libertarian role of government is limited to: Protection of property Protection of nation Protection of individual rights
Background image of page 10
Given the libertarian view, there is no right to health care
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 12
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 51

HC.Wk13.09 - Handling Health care Three Positions on the...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 12. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online