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Voices- African-Americans and Reconstruction (3)

Voices- African-Americans and Reconstruction (3) - Levitan...

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Levitan 1 Topic: What happened to the African-Americans during Reconstruction and afterwards? Reconstruction marked the beginning of freedom for African-Americans; great social and political advancements were made. African-Americans formed schools, benevolent societies, and churches. African-Americans achieved the right to vote and legal equality; although true equality was not achieved during this time period. Advancements were made despite the hindrance of anti-abolitionists and organizations like the Klu Klux Klan. Unfortunately the reconstruction period was followed by a decline in equality but the reconstruction period was crucial nonetheless. When slavery was abolished freedom was a very new concept to African-Americans. A very important part of black reconstruction was the creation of black communities-which had been nonexistent during slavery. A sense of community was also established by benevolent societies. Many African-Americans first objective upon gaining their freedom was to reunite with their family members who were often sold off to other plantations (443). Churches were previously only led by white members so abolition brought with it the organization of various African-American churches (443). During slavery African-Americans were not allowed to pursue education and a huge advancement during reconstruction was the development of a free public education system, this was arguably the most important gain during reconstruction (444).
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