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Chapter%2017%20-%20complete%20notes - Chapter 17 Aldehydes...

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Chapter 17 – Aldehydes and Ketones Instructor: Dr. Daniel Seidel The carbonyl group is arguable the most important group in organic chemistry. R H O R, R' = alkyl, aryl aldehyde R R' O ketone R OH O carboxylic acid R N H O amid R' R O O R O anhydride R Cl O acid chloride Examples of functional groups that contain carbonyl: The carbonyl group is highly polarized
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Review: pK a Values of Important Compounds
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Nomenclature of Aldehydes and Ketones H H O Formaldehyde ( Methanal ) H 3 C H O Acetaldehyde ( Ethanal ) H O Propanal (Propionaldehyde) H O Butanal (Butyraldehyde) H 3 C CH 3 O Acetone ( Dimethyl ketone, Propan-2-one ) CHO Benzaldehyde ( Benzenecarbaldehyde ) CHO p -Chlorobenzaldehyde, 4-Chlorobenzaldehyde Cl CHO Cyclohexane- carbaldehyde IUPACnameinb lue common name in black (name in parentheses is used rarely or less frequently) R H O =RCHO NOT RCOH H O 3-Chlorobutanal Cl H O Acrolein (Propenal) CH 3 O Acetophenone ( 1-Phenylethanone ) O Benzophenone (Diphenylketone) H O Propynal (Prop-2-ynal) CHO OMe o -Methoxybenzaldehyde, 2-Methoxybenzaldehyde O Cyclohexanone O Cl 7-Chloro-5-methyl-4-octanone O Cl 7-Chloro-3-ethynylcyclooctanone CHO 5-Bromo-2-methylheptanal Br O 3-Ethyl- 3-methylcyclohexanone
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This note was uploaded on 06/25/2009 for the course CHEM 01:160:308 taught by Professor Bokiess during the Spring '09 term at Rutgers.

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Chapter%2017%20-%20complete%20notes - Chapter 17 Aldehydes...

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