text prelim #3 econ[1]

text prelim #3 econ[1] - Chapter 8: Land and the Early...

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Chapter 8: Land and the Early Westward Movements o Jefferson’s goal for land policy Provide revenues to the federal government through sales, but not perpetual taxes To spread democratic institutions Ensure clear property rights to the land owned by individuals Land should be transferred in swift but orderly manner to the people Process of privatization o Acquisition of the public domain Disposition of land one of the first truly national issues for gov. Seven states held claims on western land a. Original land grants from Britain and dealings with Native Americans b. States gave up their claims to national gov 1802-1898 a. Acquired land in 8 major purchases Louisianna 1803 Florida 1819 Republic of texas 1845 Oregon 1846 Mexican Cession Gadsden Purchase Alaskan purchase Hawaiian annexation Process of conquest and treaty or purchase a. Right of conquest was part of European heritage (Christians have right to take land from non-Christians)
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1.4 billion acres, 75% public domain o Disposing of Public domain Questions a. How land would be administered b. High prices or cheap land for everyone c. Political relationships between new areas and original states Two major land systems had developed a. New England system of “township planning” Carefully surveyed and auctioned tracts b. Southern system No rectangular surveys Settler selected and marked it, no thought of the relationship of their tracked to other people o Northwest land land ordinance of 1785 1784 pressure to form a plan mounted Congressional committee proposed a system based on rectangular survey Northwest Land Ordinance revision of original plan a. Physical basis for disposing of public lands b. Surveyors establish unsettled land horizontal (base lines) and vertical lines (principal meridians) Moved westward c. Tiers of township called ranges were laid out to the east and west of each principal meridian 6 square miles Two principle thoughts on which land should be made available a. Conservative policy – in favor of selling the public land in large tracts at high prices for cash b. Liberal policy – in favor of putting land within reach of everyone, low prices and small tracts on credit terms
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Original land ordinance reflected conservative idea a. Minimum prices and size were severe (640$ was minimum amount) only wealthy and land investors could afford to purchase it o Northwest ordinance of 1787 How would states be dealt with in the union Northwest territory should be organized as a district to be run by a governor and judges appointed by congress a. 5000 people of voting age, territorial legislature was to be elected, non voting delegate to be sent to congress b. At least three and no more than five states c. 60,000 inhabitants admitted to union Main principle: eventual status of equality for the new areas o The later land acts, 1796-1862 Northern areas plagued by Indian problems and high prices
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This note was uploaded on 06/25/2009 for the course ECON 3230 taught by Professor Tomlyons during the Fall '08 term at Cornell.

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text prelim #3 econ[1] - Chapter 8: Land and the Early...

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