take home quiz I - Balloga 1 Abram Balloga H IST 2830 Take...

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Balloga, 1 Abram Balloga HIST 2830 Take Home Quiz 3/9/2009 A. Briefly identify (2-3 sentences) the following 1. Alfred Also known as Alfred the Great, he held the throne of Wessex from 871 to 899. His greatest legacy is as protector of the kingdom from the Vikings. Of the West Saxons, Alfred was the first to claim the title of King of all England, a bold step foreshadowing a unified island under a strong central monarchy. 2. Battle of Maldon This battle (c 991) took place between the Anglo-Saxons and an invading Viking force. The Vikings prevailed in this landmark and continued their devastating raids, characterizing the reign of King Ethelred, “the Unready”. Ethelred was eventually defeated by Cnut, who made his Viking self king of England. 3. Hadrian’s Wall This was a long wall built for fortification by the Romans completely across northern England to prevent raids from the north. This physical barrier symbolized a long term frontier of the Empire and served to stabilize life and development in Roman Britain. The wall remains to this day as historical evidence as well as a very famous landmark. 4. Anglo-Saxon Chronicle The chronicle is a collection of manuscripts which record the history of Anglo-Saxon England beginning in the latter part of the 9 th century under Alfred. Composites of the manuscript were replicated and dispersed to monasteries throughout England, where they were updated with individual accounts by clergymen. It may be considered the most important source for English history between the time of the Romans and the Norman kings. 5. Domesday Book The book is compiled data taken in an immense island wide survey of England conducted on the orders of William the Conqueror who wished to appraise his kingdom and provide reference for policy measures. Every town, shire, monastery and estate was evaluated for the amount of land, livestock, assets, and knights it could produce. This information was used in levying taxes and holding landowners accountable for their true value to the king.
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Balloga, 2 6. Wulfstan I Wulfstan I was the ordained Archbishop of York for a twenty years beginning in 931. For much of this time he was effectively king of Northumbria. His involvement as a ruler and statesman illustrate the massive wealth and authority wielded by the church during this time. 7. Sutton Hoo This is the site of a seventh century king uncovered in an archeological dig. He was buried in a ship with his valued possessions and the site was discovered unmolested by grave robbers. These untainted artifacts provide irreplaceable historical insights into a time period with very little surviving documentation.
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