07-Biometrics-Lecture3-Day2-Part1-14-00-16-30

07-Biometrics-Lecture3-Day2-Part1-14-00-16-30 - 1 Biometric...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Biometric Identity Verification http://scgwww.epfl.ch/courses Continuing Education COST 2101 Training School Dr. Andrzej Drygajlo Speech Processing and Biometrics Group Signal Processing Institute Ecole Polytechnique Fdrale de Lausanne (EPFL) Center for Interdisciplinary Studies in Information Security (ISIS) 2 Face Speaker Recognition Dynamic Signature Fingerprints Iris Hand Others Leading Biometric Technology 3 Fingerprint Recognition Generalities Applications Fingerprints and their images History of fingerprints Fingerprint sensing Fingerprint features Fingerprint matching Fingerprint enhancement Performance evaluation Synthetic fingerprint generation 4 Identifiable biometric characteristics Biological traces DNA (DeoxyriboNucleic Acid), blood, saliva,etc. Biological (physiological) characteristics fingerprints , eye irises and retinas, hand palms and geometry, and facial geometry Behavioral characteristics dynamic signature, gait, keystroke dynamics, lip motion Com bined voice 5 Popular biometric characteristics (modalities) Fingerprint Voice Signature Face Iris Hand 6 Comparison of biometric techniques ACCURACY COST Fingerprint Vo ice / Speech Signature Fa ce Hand Iris 7 References D. Maltoni, D. Maio, A.K. Jain, S. Prabhakar, Handbook of Fingerprint Recognition , Springer-Verlag, New York, 2003. 8 Fingerprint Recognition Generalities Applications Fingerprints and their images History of fingerprints Fingerprint sensing Fingerprint features Fingerprint matching Fingerprint enhancement Performance evaluation Synthetic fingerprint generation PEN ONE 9 Embedded Fingerprint Systems Fingerprint at check- out counter Cell phone with Fingerprint sensor Disney World Smart card Smart PDA Smart gun 10 Fingerprint sensing Optical fingerprint sensor [Fingerprint Identification Unit FIU-001/500 by Sony] [ID Mouse by Siemens] Thermal sensor [FingerChip by ATMEL (was: Thomson CSF)] System including fingerprint sensor, smartcard reader and display by DELSY 11 Applications Security authentication Forensic sciences individualisation a 12 Fingerprint verification and identification 13 Fingerprint Recognition Generalities Applications Fingerprints and their images History of fingerprints Fingerprint sensing Fingerprint features Fingerprint matching Fingerprint enhancement Performance evaluation Synthetic fingerprint generation 14 Fingerprints The inside surfaces of hands and feet of humans (and, in fact, all primates) contain minute ridges of skin with furrows between each ridge The purpose of this skin structure is to: Facilitate exudation of perspiration Enhance sense of touch Providing a gripping surface 15 Friction skin Friction skin differs significantly in structure and function from the skin covering the rest of the body:...
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07-Biometrics-Lecture3-Day2-Part1-14-00-16-30 - 1 Biometric...

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